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17th International Conference on Nephrology & Urology, will be organized around the theme “New Trends and practical approaches in the treatment of Renal disorders”

Nephrology - Urology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Nephrology - Urology 2018

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The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that help in the process of filtration removing waste products from blood. They are also involved in regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and red blood cell production in the body. Kidneys are even responsible for the reabsorption of glucose, water, amino acids. Besides these kidneys play a major role in the removal of water-soluble wastes which are diverted to the bladder.

The paired retroperitoneal organs i.e. kidneys are lie behind the peritoneum at the level of the T12 to L3 vertebral bodies at an oblique angle. Kidneys have a fibrous capsule, which is covered by pararenal fat. Kidney itself can be divided into renal parenchyma, which consisting of renal cortex and medulla, and renal sinus which contains renal pelvis, calyces, renal vessels, nerves, lymphatic and perirenal fat. Cortex and medulla are the two layers of renal parenchyma. Renal medulla consists of 10-14 renal pyramids and the renal cortex lies peripherally under the capsule, these are separated from each other by renal cortex named renal columns. Kidneys perform an important role, which includes filtration & excretion of metabolic waste products like urea and ammonium, maintain of electrolytes balance, fluid, and acid-base balance; and also for red blood cell production. They also important for regulate blood pressure through renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, by controlling reabsorption of water they maintaining intravascular circulatory volume.

The kidneys reabsorb amino acids and glucose and have hormonal functions through the erythropoietin, vitamin D activation and calcitriol.

  • Track 1-1Kidney
  • Track 1-2Kidney Function
  • Track 1-3Kidney Failure
  • Track 1-4Kidney Diseases
  • Track 1-5Kidney and Anemia
  • Track 1-6Inherited Kidney Diseases
  • Track 1-7Medullary Sponge Kidney
  • Track 1-8Advances in Nephrology
  • Track 1-9Renal Histopathology
  • Track 1-10Kidney Stones
  • Track 1-11Infection and Renal Disease
  • Track 1-12Anemia (CKD 5D)
  • Track 1-13Immunosuppression
  • Track 1-14Kidney Infections
  • Track 1-15Renal Biopsy

Dialysis is carried out as a result of reduction in the functionality of the healthy kidneys.  It is needed when the kidneys can no longer take care of body's needs. Failing of kidneys pose the accumulation of wastes, salt and extra water content in the body leading to swelling of body. Optimum levels of certain prominent and useful chemicals in your blood, such as potassium, sodium and bicarbonate can be attained by dialysis.

  • Track 2-1Haemodialysis
  • Track 2-2Quality of Life in Dialysis
  • Track 2-3Nutrition (CKD 5D)
  • Track 2-4Infection (CKD 5D)
  • Track 2-5Palliative Care for CKD/ESRD
  • Track 2-6Complications of Dialysis
  • Track 2-7Extracorporeal Dialysis: Techniques and Adequacy
  • Track 2-8Conservative Management of Advanced CKD (Vs. Dialysis)
  • Track 2-9Vascular Access in Dialysis
  • Track 2-10Transplantation: Basic Science and Immune Tolerance
  • Track 2-11Bone and Mineral Metabolism (CKD 5D)
  • Track 2-12Cardiovascular Complications Of CKD 5D
  • Track 2-13Peritoneal Dialysis

Kidney transplantation is a procedure that places a healthy kidney from another person into your body. This one new kidney takes over the work of your two failed kidneys. Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. Kidney stones and urinary tract infections can usually be treated successfully. Unfortunately, the exact causes of some kidney diseases are still unknown, and specific treatments are not yet available for them. Sometimes, chronic kidney disease may progress to kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. Treating high blood pressure with special medications called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors often helps to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease. A great deal of research is being done to find more effective treatment for all conditions that can cause chronic kidney disease.

  • Track 3-1Advances in Kidney Transplantation
  • Track 3-2Past, Present and Future of Transplantation
  • Track 3-3Transplantation Techniques
  • Track 3-4Screening Tests
  • Track 3-5Post-Transplant Complications
  • Track 3-6Pediatric Renal Transplantation
  • Track 3-7Acute Renal Allograft Rejection
  • Track 3-8Dual Kidney Transplantation
  • Track 3-9Post-Transplant Complications
  • Track 3-10Pregnancy after Transplantation

Kidney disease complications can be controlled to make you more comfortable by using drugs. T Medications to lower cholesterol levels, High blood pressure, treat anemia, relieve swelling, protects your bones,  and lower protein diet to minimize waste products in your blood, DialysisKidney transplant. Helps in the treatment, Drugs containing Vitamin D keeps bones strong and healthy. Iron therapy can help increase levels of iron in the body when rhEPO therapy alone is not effective.

Kidney function studies: Increased levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN)  and creatinine are the hallmarks of renal failure; the ratio of BUN to creatinine may exceed 20:1 in conditions that favor the enhanced reabsorption of urea, such as volume contraction (this suggests prerenal AKI.   Serologic tests, Bladder pressure, Ultrasonography, Aortorenal angiography, Renal biopsy. Are the tests which add their Support in the diagnosis of kidney diseases.

  • Track 5-1¬†Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
  • Track 5-2Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
  • Track 5-3Increased Creatinine Levels
  • Track 5-4Enhanced Reabsorption of Urea
  • Track 5-5Serologic tests
  • Track 5-6Ultrasonography
  • Track 5-7Aortorenal angiography
  • Track 5-8Renal Biopsy

As a result of changes in the way we eat and live, some chronic diseases are increasingly affecting both developed and developing countries. Indeed, diet-related chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, dental disease, andosteoporosis are the most common cause of death in the world and present a great burden for society.

A dietary supplement is intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Supplements as generally understood include vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, or amino acids, among other substances. U.S. authorities define dietary supplements as foods, while elsewhere they may be classified as drugs or other products. The application of nutrition science in the promotion of health, peak performance and individual care. Registered Nutritional Therapists use a wide range of tools to assess and identify potential nutritional imbalances and understand how these may contribute to an individual’s symptoms and health concerns. This approach allows them to work with individuals to address nutritional balance and help support the body towards maintaining health. Nutritional Therapy is recognised as a complementary medicine and is relevant for individuals with chronic conditions, as well as those looking for support to enhance their health and wellbeing.

  • Hypermetabolism & Hypercatabolism
  • Immunonutrition
  • Refeeding Syndrome
  • Pre dialysis renal diet
  • Renal Supplements
  • Chronic kidney disease diet
  • Metabolic Alterations in Kidney diseases
  • Patient Safety
  • Nutrition, Inflammation, and Metabolism

Nephrology Nursing is a planned attempt to increase nursing knowledge by the discovery of new facts through systematic enquiry. It includes: Improvement in patient care, Reduced cost of kidney careprovision, Accountability and protection against litigation, Addition to the existing body of nursing knowledge, Enhancement of nursing as a profession.

Renal care nursing is the field of nursing with a focus on the most extreme consideration of the discriminatingly sick or unsteady chronic kidney patients. Contamination revultion and nursing consideration is the control concerned with turning away nosocomial or health awareness related disease, a functional (as opposed to scholastic) sub-order of the study of disease transmission. Infants who need escalated restorative consideration are regularly conceded into a unique region of the clinic called the Neonatal serious care and nursing consideration. The part of backing in discriminating nursing consideration: Critical consideration medical attendants work in a wide assortment of settings, filling numerous parts including bedside clinicians, attendant teachers, medical caretaker analysts, medical caretaker supervisors, clinical medical caretaker authorities and medical attendant professionals. Measurements of Renal Care Nursing's mission is to give attendants exact, current, and applicable data and lodging to exceed expectations in discriminating consideration rehearse.

  • Primary Care Nephrology
  • Clinical implications and renal care
  • Interventional renal Nurses
  • Physical, occupational, & speech therapies
  • Kidney Care Support Services
  • Public Health and Community
  • Innovative Approaches in renal health
  • Treatment by Antimicrobial Agents
  • Track 7-1kidney care provision
  • Track 7-2Renal care nursing
  • Track 7-3¬†Neonatal serious care
  • Track 7-4protection against litigation
  • Track 7-5medical caretaker supervisors

Dialysis, kidney transplantation, medications, blood products, haemodialysisperitoneal dialysis, renal replacement therapy, plasma exchange and are the key parameters that helps in the treatment of  Kidney problems .Managing diet and weight modification and proper planning for end stage kidney failure, psychological support  aids in the fields of Treatments in nephrology .

The arterial pressure in the systemic circulation is referred to as “Blood Pressure”. Increase in the pressure through the walls of the vessels creates a force resulting in a state called hypertension.  Hypertension is the result of narrow, stiff or clogged blood vessels and presence of higher levels of fluid in the blood.  Long term hypertension is a risk factor for many diseases, including kidney failure, heart disease and stroke.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) otherwise known as chronic renal disease is a state in which the kidney fails to function over time. Chronic kidney disease has no impact at the early states but as the time proceeds the kidneys can no longer be able to remove enough wastes and excess fluids from the body. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two most common causes that account in most of the cases.

The brisk and the expeditious decrease in the renal filtration leads to the metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels, uremia resulting in a condition referred to as Acute kidney injury  (AKI). This not only effects the kidney but the neighbouring organs leading to the death.

The study of normal kidney function, problems, side effects, treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation) is referred to as “Nephrology”.

  • Track 12-1Clinical Nephrology-General Aspects

Inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys leads to a state called Glomerulonephritis also known as glomerular nephritis .Glomeruli helps in the removal of excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from your bloodstream and pass them through the urine  maintaining the stability of the body. Albuminuria, haematuria, reduced glomerular filtration rate, hypoproteinemia, edema are the symptoms of this disease.

Renal Failure is a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to filter requisite amount of waste products from blood. Symptoms of kidney failure include weakness, shortness of breath, lethargy, and confusion. As a result of renal failure potassium segregation in the bloodstream increases and finally leads to abnormal heart rhythms and even death

In the paediatric and neonatal intensive care units Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication where Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is frequently implemented in children in whom the supportive therapy is not to the mark to touch  the metabolic demands. 

In majority, Peritoneal dialysis is more preferred for children in the times of renal replacement because of the non-complexity of the procedure. In most of the pediatric end stage renal diseaseperitoneal dialysis is more preferred as it can be done even in home.

  • Track 15-1 Advanced Therapies for Pediatrics
  • Track 15-2Advances in Kidney Operation
  • Track 15-3Pediatric Renal Failure
  • Track 15-4Pediatric Kidney Failure Diet
  • Track 15-5Comprehensive Pediatric Nephrology
  • Track 15-6Pediatric Kidney Care
  • Track 15-7Diagnostic Techniques
  • Track 15-8Pediatric Kidney Dialysis
  • Track 15-9Clinical Pediatric Nephrology
  • Track 15-10Pediatric Renal Transplantation

nfection in the bladder caused by bacteria is referred to as "Pyelonephritis". Symptoms of kidney infection includes:  High fever, chills, severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, pain during urination, and continuous urination .Children sometimes develop pyelonephritis as a result of an abnormality in the bladder which leads in the backward flow of the urine into the ureter. Drinking sufficient amount of water each day, taking precautions during and after sex may help prevent the disease.

  • Track 16-1Bacterial Infections
  • Track 16-2Precautions during & After Sex
  • Track 16-3Continous Urination
  • Track 16-4Backward flow of Urine

In the pediatric and neonatal intensive care units Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication where Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is frequently implemented in children in whom the supportive therapy is not to the mark to touch  the metabolic demands. 

In majority, Peritoneal dialysis is more preferred for children in the times of renal replacement because of the non-complexity of the procedure. In most of the pediatric end stage renal diseaseperitoneal dialysis is more preferred as it can be done even in home. 

  • Track 17-1Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
  • Track 17-2Kidney Disease in Elderly Diabetic Patients
  • Track 17-3Hypertension, Chronic Kidney Disease, and The Elderly
  • Track 17-4Glomerular Disease in the Elderly
  • Track 17-5Inherited Kidney Diseases
  • Track 17-6Renal Cystic Diseases
  • Track 17-7Vascular Disease in the Elderly
  • Track 17-8Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly With Kidney Disease

Kidney stones are otherwise called as a “Nephrolith” or “Renal calculus, which are formed in the urine due to the accumulation of excessive minerals. One cannot confine stones to form only in the kidney but there are many cases where the formation of stones included urethrabladder and ureters. In 2013, 49 million cases of kidney stones have been reported. As a result around 15,000 were dead throughout the world. 

The preliminary symptoms of kidney stone presence include the unbearable pain in the area between the abdomen and the upper thigh on either side of the body or between the ribs and the hip which is referred to as Renal Colic.

  • Track 18-1Bladder Stones
  • Track 18-2Transplant Research
  • Track 18-3Kidney Supplements
  • Track 18-4Artificial Kidney

Urinary tract infection is the second most reported infection in humans in the world. The urinary tract consists of the bladder, the kidneys, the ureters and the urethra that helps in the removal of  waste and excess water. The kidneys filter the blood, removes wastes and plays a major role in the conversion of excess water tino  urine, which then travels down the ureters and is stored in the bladder and released through the urethra as urine. Urinary tract infections are the second most common reasons for the usage of antibiotics. Urinary tract infection  is caused by the intestinal bacterium E. coli. Women are more likely to get UTI than men because their urethras are shorter. Researchers are trying to develop a vaccine to prevent recurrent UTI but however taking few measures can prevent getting effect by the disease.